Hajj Steps – 74 Hajj Rules & Stages Of Hajj Steps and Hope.

Hajj Steps - 74 Hajj Rules & Stages Of Hajj is Fard (an absolute obligation) and one of the pillars of Islam in the same way as prayers, fasting, and zakah.

Hajj Steps – 74 Hajj Rules & Stages Of Hajj is fard once in a lifetime on a person who owns enough wealth to travel to Makkah from his home town and undertakes the return journey and is able to meet the expenses of his family while he is away.

Stages of Hajj Steps is test for those who love Allah and His Messengers ﷺ

Hajj Stages is a means of knowledge each other and assembly of Muslims from the World Over.

stages of hajj

Stages Of hajj & hajj steps

The Hajj We have consulted many books in writing down answers to various questions about Hajj، When the rites of pilgrimage are discussed some of the Arabic words must be used or referred to i the text، Some of these words are explained where they occur in the text , but they are grouped together here and explained for the convenience of the readers.

hajj steps

IHRAM: it means to make unlawful or forbid to oneself, when the pilgrim forms a firm intention to perform Hajj, Umrah or both, he assumes the ihram and thus some things that are lawful or preferable otherwise become unlawful for him.

This is why it is called ihram. Even in the literary sense the two sheets that he wraps round him are together called ihram.

ISTILAM: it is to kiss the Block Stone and Touch it with the hand , or only touch the Hajr Aswad (Black Stone) and Rukn Yamani (the south west corner of the kabah, the Yamanite Corner).

IDTIBA: To wrap oneself with the cloack in such a way that the left shoulder is covered and the right is uncovered, the cloack being over the left shoulder and below the right armpit.

AAFAQI: One who lives beyond the limits of miqat.

AYYAMUT TASHRIQ: The period between 9th Zul-Hajjah and 13 th Zul Hajjah when the Taakbir Tashriq is recited.

AYYAM UN HAHR:  The period between 10th Zul Hajjah and 12th Zul Hajjah.

IFRAD:  To assume the ihram only for Hajj and to preform only the rites of Hajj.

ISH’AR:  It is to inflict a minor cut the right shoulder of an animal whereby only the skin is cut slightly and a deep wound is not inflicted. it is done to distinguish the animal as a hadyi.

BAYTULLAH:  The House of Allah. It is the k’abah , a house in the centr of Masjid ul Haram in Makkah. It is the first place of worship in the world. The angels had built it even before Hadrat Adam (علیہ سلام) was born when they were commanded by Allah to do so.

Then when it was demolished Hadrat Adam (علیہ سلام) reconstructed it Then it was reconstructed by Hadrat Ibrahim (علیہ سلام). then the Quraysh, then Abdullah bin Zubayr and then Abdul Malik.

Even after that it was repaired or renovated in different times. it is the Qiblah of the Muslims and it is very blessed and sacred.

BATN ‘ARAFAH:  It is a forest (now an open piece of  land) near Arafat where it is not proper to stay because it is outside the limits to Arafat.

TAHLIL:  It is to place a wrapper round the sacrificial animal.

TASBIH:  To glorify Allah; to say Subhan Allah.

TAQLID: To garland the sacrificial animal with the peel of a tree of shoes.

TAKBIR: It is to say ALLAHUAKBAR, Allah is the Greatest.

TAMAT’A:  It is to perform Umrah in the month of pilgrimage, before Hajj and then to perform Hajj after assuming the Ihram for it in that very year.

TALBIYAH:  To recite the LABBAYK in full .

TAHLIL: To recite (لا الہ الا اللہ) there is no God but Allah.

JAMARAT:  There are three points in Mina where pillars are constructed about the height of a human being. Pebbles are thrown here.

The one that is near the Masjid Khayf to the eat is called Jamaratul Oola. Next after it towards Makkah and in the centre of the three is Jamaratual Wusta.

The third is Jamarat ul Kubra or Jamarat ul Uqba or Jamarat ul Ukhra.

JUHFAH: It is the point of Migat for people from the Syrian side, it is near Rabigh.

JANNAT-UL-MALA:  The graveyard at Makkah.

JABL THABIR:  A hill at Mina.

JABL REHMAT: A hill at Arafah.

JABL QAZAH:  A hill at Muzdalifah.

HAJJ: It is to circumambulate round the Ka’bah and stay at Arafah and do certain other things after assuming the ihram during a particular period of tie.

Hajr Aswad:  The Black Stone , it is a stone from Paradise. It was pure white, like milk, when it was brought to earth but it turned black through the sins of the children of Adam (علیہ السلام).

It is embedded in the wall of the ka’bah on the south east side at height of a human being it is encased in a sliver ring.

Haram:  The area round Makkah for a certian distance is called the Haram demarcation mark are placed at its borders , in this area it is unlawful to hunt, chop down tree or to graze the animal.

Hatim:  An area to the north of the ka’bah surrounded by a wall the height of a human being, it is also known as Hajr and khatir (The area is semi-circular and it is a part of the ka’bah and it is wajib to include it in tawaf) .

when the Quraysh re-constructed the ka’bah a little before the Prophet ﷺ was bestowed upon with the Prophethood they agreed among themselves to use only lawfully acquired money to fund its construction.

however they lacked enough fund and so gave up construction of about six yard of the original ancient Baytullah, and this area is known as Hatim, The original hatim is about six yards but presently more area is included in it.

Harami: He is one who resides in the haram be he at the Makkah or outside it but within the limit of haram .

Hill:  It is the area round the Haram but within the miqat. it is so known because what is unlawful in the haram is lawful within the hill.

Hilli:  One who resides within the hill.

Halq:  It is to shave the hair on the head.

Dum: When pilgirm is in state of ihram and he happans to do something that is disallowed in such state then he has to offer an animal in sacrifice This is called dum.

Zul—hulayfah: It is the point of miqat for those travelling from Madinah to Makkah It is about six miles from Madinah .It is now known as BIR ALI

Zat Iraq: It is the miqat for those coming to Makkah from Iraq and is about three days journey from Makkah .

Rukn’ Yamani: It is the south-west corner of the Baytullah It is so called because it is in the direction of Yaman

Rukn Iraqi: The north—eastern corner of the ka‘bah that is towards Iraq.

Rukn’Shami: The north-west corner of the ka ‘bah in the direction of Syria.

Ramal. It is to walk with short quick steps in the first three rounds of tawaf jerking the shoulder and keeping oneself erect

Rami: It is the act of throwmg the pebble

Zam Zam: It is spring in the Masjid’UI’Haram near the ka’bah. It is now in the form of well. ALLAH had let it spring up for his prophet; Ismail and hls mother.

S’ai It is to make the rounds between Safa and Mar’wah in perticular way.

Shaut: It is to circle round the Baytullah once.

Safa: It is hillock near the ka‘bak towards South from here “at begins.

Dabb: lt is hillock attached to the Masjd Khayf and it is in Mina.

Tawaf: It is to circumambulate round the ka ‘bah seven times in particular manner.

‘Umrah: It is to assume the z’hmm from the point of miqat‘ or kill and perform the tawaf of Baytulleh and S’ai between Safa and Marwah.

Arafat or Arafah: It is an open piece of land nine miles to the east of Makkah Where the pilgrims stay On the 9th Zul Hajjah.

Qiran: It is to assume the ihram for Hajj and umrah  together and to perform the umrah first and then the Hajj.

Qarin:  He is the one who perform the Qiran from of Hajj.

Qarn:  it is mountain 42 miles from Makkah and miqat for those coming to makkah from Najd Hijaz and Najid Tihamah.

Qasr:  it is to have the hair cut short.

Muhrim: One who has assumed the ihram is a muhrim .

Mufrid: One who perform only Hajj.

Miqat: it is the point beyond which anyone approaching Makkah must proceed after assuming the ihram; it is wajib to do so.

Mutaf: The area on which tawaf is performed round the ka’bah Marble is laid over.

Maqam -Jbrahim: lt is a stone from paradise. Hadrat Ibrahim (علیہ سلام) stood on it as he erected the ka‘bah_ It is on the eastern corner of the mutaf between the pulpit and zam zam. it is now placed in copular glass case.

Multazim: It is the wall between the Black Stone and the door of the ka‘bah. It is Masnoon to Supplicate to Allah after clinging to this wall.

Mina: A village three miles to the east of Makkah. Here. the animal is sacrificed and Rami is performed.
Masjid Khayf: It is the large mosque at Mina to its north adjacent to Mountain. (It is the mountain Dabb. When one proceeds to Arafah from Mina, this mosque and mountain are to his right.
Masjid Nimrah: It is mosque on the edge of Arafah.

Mad‘i: The place where supplication is made. It refers to the place between the Masjid ul—Haram and the graveyard of Makkah where it is mustahabb to make supplication on entering Makkah.

Mazdalifah: It is an open ground between Mina and Arafah three miles to the east of Mina.

Muhassar: it is ground adjacent to Muzdalifah which the pilgrims cross running. It was here that the Ashab ul—feel (the people of the Elephant) were punished when they attacked the ka ‘bah.
Marwah: it is small hillock to the north east of the ka ‘bah where the Sa’i ends.

Maylayn Akhdarayn: Two green pillars. These are erected on the wall of the Masjid —ul -Haram between Safa and Marwah. Those who perform sa ‘i’ walk between these green pillars at brisk, running pace.

Makki: One who stays in Makkah.

Mawqif- A place to wait during the performance of Hajj. It refers to the plain of Arafah or Muzdalifah.

Miqati:  One who resides at the miqat.

Wuquf: it is to wait or stay. In the rites of Hajj it to wait at Arafah and Muzdalifah at particular times.

Hadi: The animal that a pilgram brings with him to the Haram for sacrifice.

Yawm Arafah:  Ninth of Zul Hajjah , the day of Hajj. The pilgrims wait at Arafah on this day.

Yawm Tarwiyah:  8th Zul Hajjah.

Yalamlam: A mountain to the south of Makkah also known as Madiyah .

The Obligatory Acts of Hajj

In reality there are three fard actions in Hajj. Ihram, it is to form a sincere intention to perform hajj and to recite the complete talbiyah; a detailed discussion will follow, Insha Allah.

(II) wuquf at Arafah. It is to be at Arafah at any time between the decline of the sun on 9th ZulHajjah and down of 10th ZulHajjah even if that is for a moment .

(iii) Tawaf Ziyarah it is performed between the morning of tenth ZulHajjah and the twelfth ZulHajjah after shaving the head or clipping some of its hair.

Ruling:  if anyone misses any of these three absolute obligatory acts, his hajj will not be correct and it will not be corrected even by dum; that is sacrifice, or any other thing.

Ruling: it is wajib to perform all these three fard acts in sequence and at their proper station and time.

Ruling: it is wajib to cease to have sexual intercourse before the wuquf at ‘Arafah, rather, it , it is linked with the fard duties .

The Parts (Basic) Hajj

There are two basics of Hajj known as its Rukun (pl. Arkan). These are the Tawaf Zikarah and the Wuquf at ‘Arafah. The more important and essential is the wuquf at ‘Arafah.

The Wajib Of Hajj:

There are six wajib acts of hajj.

(1) To stay at Muzdalifah during the wuquf during the wuquf there,

(ii) To perform the sa’i between safa and Marwah.

(iii) To observe rami and that is to cast pebbles at the jimar.

(iv) In the case of Qarin and Mutamatta, to make te sacrifice.

(v) To shave the head or clips some hair on it.

(vi) For an Afaqi that is one who comes from outside the miqat to perform the Tawaf wida.

Caution: Some of the books on Hajj enumerate the wajibs of Hajj as upto thirty -five. Actually, they are not all the wajib of Hajj directly but they are the wajib of different actions performed during Hajj.

For example like the wajib of ihram, tawaf and so on; they also include the wajib of hajj and of the conditions of hajj as such.

The direct wajib of Hajj are only six. The wajib of the various acts of Hajj will be described when discussing those actions, Insha Allah.

Poser: As for the wajib, the ruling is that if any of the wajib is omitted, the Hajj will be deemed to have been performed whether it is omitted intentionally or through forgetfulness.

However, jaza (or amend) will have to be made for that; it may be in the from of a sacrifice or a sadqah (charity) as we will see in the discussion on crime.

However, if a wajib is overlooked because of a genuine reason then the jaza will not be made.

The sunnah of Hajj:

hajj steps

(i) An aafaqi who performs ifrad Hajj or a qiran Hajj must perform Tawaf Qudum (that he will perform on entering the Masjid ul-Hasram for the first time).

(ii) To perform ramal in Tawaf Qudum ; if he does not do it in this Tawaf , then he must do it in Tawaf Ziyarat or Tawaf wida.

(iii) The Imam must deliver the khutbah (sermon) at three places – on 7th Zul-Hajjah  at Makkah, on the 9th at Arafa and on the Zul Hajjah.

(iv) To spend the night at mina on 9th Zul Hajj.

(v) To go to Arafah from Mina after sunrise on 9th Zul-Hajjah.

(vi) To move from Arafah after the Imam has left.

(vii) To spend the night at Muzdalifah while returning from Arafah.

(viii) To have a bath at Arafah.

(ix) When Staying at Mina to  spend the nights there.

(x) To stay at Muhassab while returning from Mina even for a while. A part from these are many other sunnah acts that will be enumerated while discussing the actions to which they refer , Insha Allah.

Ruling:  It is bad to omit a sunnah interionally and there is great reward in observing it. However, there is no jaza(reparation) on omitting it.


Ihram means to make something unlawful. Once the pilgrim forms a firm intention to perform hajj and recites the talbiyah certain things that are lawful to him and permitted become unlawful. This is why this (condition of the pilgrim) is known as ( assumption of ) the ihram. Figuratively ), the two sheets that he winds round himself are known too as the ihram.

Kind of Ihram:

There are four kinds of ihram.

(i) ihram only for hajj; it is known as ifrad.

(ii) ihram only for umrah which is known as Tamattu provided it is assumed in the month of hajj.

(iii) ihram for hajj and umrah together; it is known as Qiran.

(vi) ihram for Umrah alone whether it is before the days of Hajj or after that.

The Sunnah Of The Ihram:

(i) To assume the ihram in the month of Hajj.

(ii) To assume the ihram at the miqat applicable to the pilgrim’s homeland when he arrives at it.

(iii) To have a bath or perform abulation.

(vi) To use two sheets, one for the body waist-down and another for the upper portion of the body.

(v) To offer two rakat voluntary prayer.

(vi) To recite the talbiyah

(vii) To recite the talbiyah three times.

(viii) To recite the talbiyah in a loud voice.

(ix) To apply perfume (before forming the intention of the ihram)

The Mustahabb Of The Ihram:

(i) To clean oneself of dirt.

(ii) To clip the nails .

(iii) To remove hair from the armpit.

(iv) To shave hair below the navel.

(v) To have a bath with intention of donning the ihram.

(vi) To use white sheet, new or washed.

(vii) To wear slippers.

(viii) To form the intention of ihram with the tongue.

(ix) To form the intention while sitting down after offering the prayer.

(x) To assume the ihram before the point of miqat.

Related Questions of Hajj:

Q: What is Hajj?

Q: Who should go on the Hajj?

Q: When is Hajj?

Q: How many people go on Hajj?

Q: How did Hajj start?

Q: What are the rites of Hajj?

Q: What is the difference between Hajj and Umrah?

Q: What does the Quran say about Hajj?

Q: What do Muslims believe they gain from Hajj?

Q: Why does Hajj begin on a different day each year?

Q: Why do Muslims sacrifice a lamb or other animal during the festival of Eid ul-Adha?