GHUSL (BATH)- 4 Rules
Ghusl: Hadrat Ibn Abbas (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated a tradition similar to the above one on the authority of (Hadrat) Maimunah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) in which it is further related: ” I handed him a garment , but he did not take it , he went of shaking his hands.” [Bukhari , Muslim]
Ghusl: Hadrat Aishah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anha) narrated When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) took bath after a seminal emission, he first washed his hands , then washed his private parts with his left hand, then poured water over his left hand with his right hand, (this was due to the fact that there was no small vessel for taking water), then performed ablution as he did for prayer, then put his fingers into the water and moved them through the roots of his hairs till he was satisfied that water has reached the roots fully, then poured three handfuls on his head with both his hands then poured water over all his body and then washed his feet.” [Bukhari, Muslim]
Full details of the way the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) used to take bath are available in these two traditions from Hadrat Aishah and (Hadrat) Meimunah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anha). These are: First of all he would wash both his hands three times (becauses it is with the hands that the rest of the body is washed). Then he would wash the private parts with the left hand pouring water on it with right hand.
After that he would wash the left hand having rubbed it repeated on the ground or with soil. Next he would perform WUDU in the course of which he would rinse his mouth thrice water water, then he would snuff up water, clean the nose well and below it, Then he would clean the inner side of his mouth and nose , after this he would pass his fingers through the hair of his beard as he usually did, and see that the water had reached the roots of the hair. He would similarly wash the hair of his head carefully ensuring that the water had reached the ends of the hair. Then he would wash the rest of his body.
Finally, he would withdraw from the bathing pace and wash his feet. (He probably did so because the bathing places were not solid and clean). [Marif -ul- Hadis]
Hadrat ‘Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the prophet said: The women who is menstruating and the one who is seminally defiled must not recite any part of the Holy QURAN. (This means that recitation of the Holy QURAN, Which is the holy word of ALLAAH, is forbidden for both of them). [Marif -ul- Hadis, Tirmizi]
Hadrat Abu Hurairah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the messenger of ALLAAH has said: There is sexual defilement under every hair , so wash the hair and cleanse the skin.”(So that portion of the body which remains hidden beneath the hair is purified) and that part of the body which is visible (on which there are no here) should also be cleansed well and carefully [Sunan Abu Dawud , Tirmizi , Ibn Majah , Marif -ul- Hadis]
CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH GHUSL IS MASNUN
Hadrat Abu Hurairah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Prophet ( Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: “It is the duty of every Muslim to take bath once a week (i.e. on Friday), washing his head and body.” [ Bukhari , Muslim , Marif -ul- Hadis]
Hadrat Samura (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anha) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAAH said: if any one performs ablution on Friday, well and good; but if any one takes bath, bathing is more excellent. [ Ahmad, Abu Dawud , Tirmizi, Marif-ul-Hadis]
- For those whom it is obligatory to attend the congregational Sallaah on Friday, it is masnun to take bath at any time between the Morning Salaah (Salaah fajr) and the congregation Salaah. (Jumah Salaah)
- So is the case with Salaah Eideen.
- it is masnun to take bath before donning thram.
- For on performing Hajj it is Masnun to take bath on the day of ARFAH after the sun has crossed meridian. [Bahishti Gohar]