SALAH PRAYER-Good 3 Step’s -Taraweeh Raka’ah
SALAH: Hadrat Abdullah bin Qurt (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that Messenger of ALLAAH said:
‘The first of his deeds for which a man will be taken into account on the day of resurrection will be Salah. if it is sound, all his other deeds will be taken in the same fashion but if is unsound the rest of his actions will be taken as deficient. [Tibarani In Ausat-hayatul Muslim]
SALAH PRAYER: Hadrat ‘Ubada bin Samit (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAAH (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said:”Five times of Salah have been ordained by ALLAAH.
if any one performs the ablution for them , observes them at their proper times, and perfectly performs the bowing and showing of submissiveness during them , he has a covenant from ALLAAH to forgive him: but if any one does not do so, he has no covenant. if He will He may forgive him, but if He wills He may punish him.” [Ma’rif -ul- Hadis , Musnad Ahmad , Abu Dawud]
TIMINGS OF THE FIVE OBLIGATORY SALAH
Hadrat Buraidah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ) abiut the time of the Salah, to which he replied: ” Offer Salah with us these two days (today and tomorrow)” . Thereafter when the sun passed the meridian he gave command to Hadrat Bilal (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu ) who uttered the call to salah (Aazan) Then he recited the iqamah for the noon Salah (and Zuhr Salah was perform). Then (at the appropriate time) he commanded Hadrat Bilal and he (as usual first uttered the calls to Salah and then) recited iqamah for the afternoon Salah (and Asr Salah was said). This Aazan and Salah was performed at times when the sun was sufficiently high white and clear (i.e. its light had not faded as it does when evening falls). Then as soon as the sun had set, the Prophet commanded Bilal to call the Azan and recite iqamah for the sunset Salah (and maghrib Salah was perform). then when the twilight had ended, he commanded Bilal to call the Aazan and recite iqamah for the night salah (salah -Isha was perform). Then when the dawn appeared, he commanded Bilal to call the Azan and recite iqamah for the Morning Salah (and Salah Fajrs was perform).
Next day he commanded him to delay the noon Salah till the exreme heat had passed and he did so, and he allowed it to be delayed till the extreme heat had passed. He observed the afternoon Salah (Asr Salah) when the sun was high delaying it beyond the time he had previously observed it he observed the Maghrib Salah (Sunset salah) before the twilight had ended: he observed the Isha salah (Night salah) when a third of the right had passed; and he observed the (fajr salah) dawn salah when there was clear day light.
Then asking where the man was who had enquired about the times of salah and receiving from him a reply that he was present, he said, “The time for your salah is within the limits of what you have seen.”[Muslim -Ma’riful Hadis]
Zuhr Salah (Noon Salah)
Hadrat Abu Sa’id al Khudri ( Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAAH (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said, “When the heat is severe say the Zuhar Salah (Salah noon) when it is cooler.” [Bukhari]
ISHA Salah (NIGHT SALAH)
Hadrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that once the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam came out (of his house) for Isha salah at a time when a third of night had passed and said:
“Where it not that it would impose a burden on my people, I would normally offer Salah with them at this time which is always preferable.” [Muslim, Ma’rif -ul- Hadis]
FAJAR Salah (MORNING SALAH)
Hadrat Rafi bin Khudij (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAAH as saying “Observe morning Salah at dawnm for it is the practice most productive of reward.
“[Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Musnad Darimi, Ma’rif -ul- Hadis)
During the month of Ramdan twenty raka’ah of Taraweeh, two raka’ah at a time , should be offered after Isha prayers daily. At least once the whole Holy Qur’an should be recited by the Imam and listened by the followers.
Muslim who have not memorized the Holy Quran should recite the following small Ayah in each rakah after Surah Fatihah. In first to last raka’ah , the following should be offered repeatedly in the following order.
Surah Feel, Quraish, Ma’oon, Kausar Kafiroon, Nasr, Lahab, Ikhlas Falaq, and Surah Naas in the same order till twentieth raka’ah where Taraweeh prayer ends.
Other rakak can also be affered in palce of the above. At the end of every fourth raka’ah ah the following should be recited:
after these twenty raka’ah, Vitr and Nafl prayers should be offered to end the Taraweeh prayer. This is a highly rewarding prayer.
According to Hadeeth one who offers this prayer earns the reward eqvivalent to performing one Hajj and one Umrah.
The person who intends to offer this prayer should remain sitting at the place where Fajr prayer was offered till the full sunrises.
Then this prayer should by offered in two or four rakah. In each of four raka’ah Surah Fatiha should be followed by Surah Ikhlas.
This prayer is offered between 10 AM and 11 AM. it ranges from two to twelve raka’ah. Brief Ayah should be offered in this prayer.
Durood Shareef should be offered after finishing the prayer. This Salah is very effective for affluence.
This prayers is to be offered after Maghrib prayer in six raka’ah distributed in two raka’ah each. In first two raka’ah, Surah Zilzaal should be offered in each raka’ah after Surah Fatihah.
In second two raka’ah Surah Takasur should be offered in each raka’ah after Surah Fatihah. In the last two raka’ah Surah Asr should be offered twice after Surah Fatihah.
This prayer is most effective for absolution throught the recommendation by the last Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam).
At least six and at most twenty rakah can be offered after Maghrib prayer. In each raka’ah Surah Ikhlas should be offered after Surah Fatihah. The prayer also carries much reward.
Any of these prayers can be offered.
This prayer is offered midnight 12:00 till Fajr. At least two and at most whatever possible rakah can be offered.
In all twelve raka’ah, Surah Ikhlas, after Surah Fatihah, should be offered in ascending order. In the first one Surah Ikhlas twelve times, in second eleven times, ten times and nine times, eight times and seven times, six times and five times, four times and three times, two times and once.
This prayer can be offered consisting upon eight raka’ah, four raka’ah, and two raka’ah with any Surah after Surah Fatihah.
However offering twelve raka’ah in the way told above is highly rewarding. This prayer is very much liked by Almighty Allah and His Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam).
This prayer is offered at the occurrence of solar eclipse. Two raka’ah prayer should be offered in congregation. After Surah Fatihah the longest Ayah should be recited.
Afterwards it is better to continue praying Almighty Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’aala) for forgiveness till the eclipse ends. Other prayers should be offered .
Females can also offer this prayer individually indoors. It is better to give alms and Sadaqah during the period.
On the occasion of lunar eclipse two rakah prayer should be offered individually with a long Ayah. Prayers and recitations from the Holy Quran should continue till the eclipse ends.
DELAY IN SALAH FORBIDDEN
(Hadrat) Ali Murtaza (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of ALLAAH (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) told him, “There are three things, Ali, which you must not postpone:
- Performing Salah when its time comes, 2.A funeral, and 3. The marriage of an unmarried woman when there is available one of the suitable class for her.” [Tirmizi, Ma’rif -ul- Hadis]